Mother Medications

Medicines: What You Need to Know About Medication

Medicines are important aids in treating or relieving illnesses and discomfort. However, many people do not know the different types of medicines, how they should be taken, and the risks associated with them. In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about medicines.

What are Medicines?

Medicines are substances or preparations made of substances that are used in the prevention, treatment, or relief of diseases or discomfort in humans. There are different types of medicines that differ in their mode of action and applications. These include:

Prescription Medicines

Prescription medicines are medicines that are only available with a doctor's prescription. They are often used to treat serious illnesses that require precise diagnosis and monitoring by a doctor. Examples of prescription medicines are antibiotics, beta-blockers, or insulin preparations.

Over-the-Counter Medicines

Over-the-counter medicines are medicines that are available in pharmacies or drugstores without a doctor's prescription. They are often used for self-medication for mild to moderate discomfort, such as headaches, colds, or gastrointestinal discomfort. The best-known over-the-counter medicines are pain relievers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol, as well as cold remedies.

Natural Remedies

Natural remedies are medicines based on plant or mineral active ingredients and are often used as an alternative or complementary therapy. Examples of natural remedies are St. John's Wort for the treatment of depression or Arnica for external application for pain and inflammation.


Generics are imitation preparations of already approved original medicines that contain the same active ingredient in the same dosage. They are often cheaper than the original preparations because their approval incurs less costs. Generics are generally as safe and effective as the original preparations, as they contain the same active ingredient and are subject to the same quality requirements.

How Should Medicines Be Taken?

The intake of medicines should always be done exactly according to the instructions of the doctor or pharmacist. It is important to adhere to the dosage and duration of intake exactly in order to achieve optimal effects and avoid possible side effects.
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